Mayan World: An undiscovered world...

 

Ecoturism in Chiapas

Sumidero Canyon

The Sumidero Canyon, a deep narrow canyon located 8 km from Tuxtla Gutierrez, capital of Chiapas, Mexico. The Sumidero Canyon is a cliff whose height goes a little beyond 1 000 m water level and stands on the banks of the Grijalva River, which has a depth of over 250 meters. The fault line was opened about twelve million years ago in the northern Sierra de Chiapas. It is among the most spectacular in the Americas, with walls over 1 300 meters rise from deep in the throat, where they are the waters of the Grijalva river that runs through the states of Chiapas and Tabasco and flows into the Gulf of Mexico. At its southern entrance, the canyon begins in Chiapa de Corzo, and flows into the artificial reservoir of the hydroelectric dam Manuel Moreno Torres, popularly known as "prey Chicoasén".

Because of its great ecological wealth and be one of the most impressive canyons in the world, December 8, 1980 was declared as the Sumidero Canyon National Park with an area of 21,789 hectares. On February 2, 2004, the park area was also declared as a Ramsar site in Mexico.

The relevance of the Sumidero Canyon is such that part of the coat of Chiapas and was also nominated for the "New 7 Wonders of Nature" as the sole representative of Mexico in this international competition.

Tuxtla Gutiérrez

Tuxtla Gutiérrez (Nahuatl, Toch-tla (n)'place rabbits') is a city and metropolis located in the Central Cordillera and the Central Depression of Chiapas. Capital and seat of government of the Free and Sovereign State of Chiapas, is the head of the Free Municipality of Tuxtla and the state's largest urban area with a population of 553 374 inhabitants (2010), besides being the center Tuxtla Metropolitan Area has been defined as the integration of the municipalities of Chiapa de Corzo, Berriozábal, San Fernando, Suchiapa, Ocozocoautla Espinosa and Osumacinta. Its urban growth and economic development have accelerated since the administrative decentralization of government, the arrival of domestic and foreign capital investment attracted to the city and increasing the state economic development aid.

Coyatoc called the Zoque (in Zoque language: place house rabbits) to the region where their villages by the abundance of cottontail rabbits. When the Aztecs dominated this region he was appointed Tochtlán (Nahuatl place where rabbits abound), the Zoque changed that word to his tongue and spoke Tuchtlán

In 1560, some Dominican friars founded a town in this region and they called San Marcos Evangelista Tuchtla. The Spanish name castilianized Tuchtla as Tuxtla (and colloquially as Tusta) due to its name as it was written in Tuxtla old documents, and that was his name so far. In 1748 the town and named him Tuxtla and San Marcos May 31, 1848 the Chiapas governor Nicolás Ruiz Maldonado changed its name to Tuxtla Gutierrez in honor of General. Joaquín Miguel Gutiérrez Channels. During the nineteenth century it was the temporary capital of the state three times and the fourth time was permanently residing powers since 1892.

In 2007 he was declared one of the best cities to live and invest and currently has Certifications Sustainable City and Clean (2009) and Comunidad Segura (2011), the third safe community in Latin America and the first in Mexico to receive such certification.

The Zoques

The Zoque are an ethnic Mexican states of Chiapas, Oaxaca and culturally, geographically and linguistically from mixes and Tabasco popolucas next. Chiapas Zoque call themselves O'depüt people word. Instead, the Zoque of Chimalpas Angpøn call themselves, meaning those who speak the language; while the form is used for the language of anepaan, originally meaning "industrious", meaning that it has now disappeared.

Chiapa de Corzo

Chiapa de Corzo is a small Mexican town located in the center of the state of Chiapas in southeastern Mexico. It is located 15 km from the center of Tuxtla Gutiérrez. Besides being the first city established in the state and the first capital, is listed as magical village thanks to the important cultural and folkloric range of the entity besides having a Parisian style in the streets of the historic center and the excellent warm weather has.

El Chorreadero

A 24 km from Tuxtla Gutiérrez, natural beauty of this place is located. In Chorreadero, an emerging underground river in a cave rushes cascaded to form a series of natural pools framed by jungle vegetation climbs the limestone walls of the mountains with medium forest vegetation; muju, amate, fig and fauna such as the rattlesnake, opossum, bobcat, squirrel. The climate is humid with rain Chorreadero summer and has an average annual temperature of 25 and and a rainfall of 990 mm. It is recommended to visit this site in the dry season, from November to March. It is possible to go swimming and photography and to a lesser extent also the observation of flora and fauna, attractive surroundings are characterized by land devoted to agriculture.

During the dry season, it is possible in the Chorreadero an exciting journey along the cavern through which passes the river, because its flow is very mild. In there you can find small waterfalls and beautiful pools. If you like caving, you can go through the whole cavern along a route that takes about 12 hours, although it should bring the right equipment and a guide to the town.

El Chiflón

The Chiflón is a chain of waterfalls formed by the San Vicente River flows in the steep topography of the municipality of Tzimol, where they originate from other cascades "The Sigh", "Angel Wing", "Rainbow" "Quinceañera" and the main "Velo de Novia" 120 m. high, same as falling forming natural pools of deep blue waters, coupled with the vast vegetation forming a series of landscapes that can be appreciated by the tour of the trail ascending over 1000 meters.

Flora

In Chiflón can observe a variety of species of orchids, bromeliads, juniper trees, Palomillo trees, sapodilla, cedar and mahogany.

Fauna

Within the existing wildlife in the Chiflón can be found in the area: iguanas, rabbits, armadillos, snakes and birds.

San Cristóbal de las Casas

San Cristobal de las Casas is a colonial town located 46 km from the motorway Tuxtla Gutierrez - San Cristobal de Las Casas. As I have said many visitors, San Cristobal de Las Casas is one of the most romantic cities in the world, recognized as Magic Town. City whose wealth lies in its ethnic diversity and colonial tradition, showing its architectural treasures in various buildings of the XVI, XVII and XVIII centuries.

History.

The Valley of Jovel offered the ideal location, mild climate and strategic location, so that Diego de Mazariegos founded in 1528 the Royal City of Chiapa. In the present historical center of San Cristobal de Las Casas converge rooftops, flowering courtyards, cornered balconies, Baroque facades, neoclassical and Moorish style, colorful crafts, exquisite cuisine, ceremonies, processions, festivals and ancient legends.

Its construction followed a similar to other colonial cities that were created in the territory novohispano process. Firstly, the main square was drawn, whose environment places that occupy the main buildings were designated. Around the square is the Cathedral of the Central baroque style facade, the neoclassical City Hall, portals, the church of St. Nicholas, with the style that identifies the colonial religious architecture in Chiapas and the home of the Mermaid facade Plateresque inspiration of the sixteenth century. Especially interesting is the set formed by the Dominican monastery and the temple of La Caridad together with the Cathedral and the Plaza on March 31 by the Ecclesiastical walker north monumental main axis of the city.

The church of Santo Domingo is a masterpiece of Central American and Mexican baroque, therefore mortar facade as a whole pulpit and golden altarpieces inside. Charity known for its sumptuous Baroque altarpiece. Baroque altarpieces are also of San Francisco, and El Carmen sports a unique Mudejar tower in Mexico. Many other interesting buildings in the city that is characterized by a substantial inventory of neoclassical mansions inspired by the Renaissance tried to Vignola.

Since the foundation, on the outskirts of downtown lots or land for the Spaniards were allocated and in the end the Indians, who were among those who lent a service to Hispanics in the conquest of the region were located. So are still scattered around the city's neighborhoods Mexico, Tlaxcala and Cerrillo. A visit to the neighborhoods is a fascinating experience for traditional architecture, festivals, crafts and cuisine. Many doors look red paper lanterns indicating selling delicious tamales.

Chocohuital

Chocohuital is located 54 kilometers from the city of Tapachula on a paved road is a beach to the open sea and the other side is a creek full of mangroves. You can do sports beach.

In Chocohuital Rancheria, the society of is located social solidarity "Boatmen of Chocohuital" who provide water services in the estuary tours where you can observe waterfowl and shorebirds, crocodiles, alligators, characteristic flora of the area as red mangrove the chocohuite tree (from which derives the name of the community) can engage in recreational fishing, swimming, kayaking, horseback mouth bar where the connection to the sea (the Pacific Ocean) to the estuary is appreciated, and taste delicious seafood dishes typical of the region offered by the resort rivera blue beach.

In Chocohuital there is also a place called Refugio del Sol, an enchanted paradise that attracts those who enjoy nature without forgetting the passion for the original. A new concept of luxury in the midst of tropical mangrove healthy atmosphere with a safe, natural and free, where sensitive sounds of the sea inspired exaltation of the senses, espitual peace and total relaxation. Spiritual, romantic and exclusive Magic.

Flora.

Comprise different species, the most representative which are mentioned below: charagallo, cedar, spring, oak, guanacaste, chicha, white mangrove, red mangrove, mangonance, orange, almond, guava, guanaba, lemon, cocoa, coconut , coyol cuchunuc, guapinol, nose, black, bat, quebracho, water hyacinth, salt and sapote mother water.

Fauna.

A variety of species: alligator, tiger, snake, boar, monkey, turtle, boa, cliff, iguana riverside chachalaca, green egret, parrot, Giant Kingfisher, magpie, zambullidorcillo, armadillo, rabbit, bat, white-tailed deer , striped skunk, river crocodile, arroyera snake, wood stork, spoonbill, heron stiletto, Pijiji, tecolotino manglero, raccoon, porcupine, paca, badger, alligator, gull, tern and pelican.

Sima de las Cotorras

The Sima de las Cotorras is a land subsidence of an approximate depth of 140 m. and a diameter of 160 m. they inhabit a number of parrots, descending about 20 m. the pit are located on the wall a lot of cave paintings among which handprints painted red and black, most of the trees measured within 30 m. and species that are not found in the outside.

The most appropriate season for bird watching is March to November, where the output of the birds of the pit is at dawn and again at dusk can be seen joining the Sima.

Zona Arqueológica de Chiapa de Corzo

Archaeological site whose occupation as a small farming village began around 1400 BC; but he became a great ceremonial center between 850-450 BC; in the following period (450 BC -. 250 AD) increased construction activity. Archaeological finds have brought home their contacts with distant regions such as the Olmec area of the Gulf Coast or the highlands of Guatemala.

Here stele discovered in 1961 that is inscribed the oldest known date in Mesoamerica (36 BC) which is exhibited and preserved in the Regional Museum located in Tuxtla Gutierrez Chiapas found. The importance of this center gradually decayed in to be abandoned around 700 AD, perhaps as a result of the Teotihuacan presence in central Chiapas. Its inhabitants apparently belonged to the Zoque ethnic group.

Although extensive, only a small part of the site is exposed. The core is a series of platforms that form a square around the main buildings rise: the mounds 1, 5 and 7 The first is a pyramidal structure remains at the top of the walls of a temple. The mound 5, whose complexity seems to have residential functions.

The mound 32, the edge of the road, now appears separately from the main body. This is another pyramidal structure with a front double staircase flanked rafters, on top of which there are remains of a temple. The mound 26, located on the grounds of a school, is a series of platforms that served as places of multiple burial.

Finca Hamburgo

Edelmann, originally from Germany. It has a pleasant climate throughout the year, visitors can enjoy beautiful architecture, beautiful landscapes surrounded by coffee plantations, luxury rooms and a spa that makes you feel half block from the sky.